Are starling murmurations similar to bees swarming or fish schooling?

Are starling murmurations similar to bees swarming or fish schooling?

Watching European starling murmurations, I can’t help but think of a swarm of bees. Does anyone know if bees and fish use the same behavioral mechanisms when they swarm and school? I know that similar behaviors can evolve in different ways to similar environmental pressures (predators).

A quick google search for starling flight patterns yields a few popular news articles that state that starlings communicate with their 7 closest neighbors. I’m wondering if other species/taxa follow this same behavior?

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