I’ve been told and read in several textbooks that intraspecific competition reduces the fitness of the individuals competing. But I can’t find a journal article on this. Any help?

I’ve been told and read in several textbooks that intraspecific competition reduces the fitness of the individuals competing. But I can’t find a journal article on this. Any help?

Basically looking for an article or two to cite so I can state “competition reduces fitness”. This is proving to be annoyingly difficult.

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