Plastic pollution: Flip-flop found in poo of endangered Indian Ocean tortoise – Sky News

A huge plastic clean-up operation is being organised on one of the most important turtle nesting islands in the Indian Ocean.

The isolated Aldabra atoll, 390 miles off the coast of Africa, is strewn with plastic that has been swept long distances by ocean currents.

Around 5,000 endangered green turtles nest on beaches around the coral atoll, an outlying island of the Seychelles and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The island is littered with plastic waste
Image: The island is littered with plastic waste

But the animals are being entangled in nylon fishing ropes, and the hatchlings can struggle to reach the sea because of debris on the sand.

A team from the Seychelles Islands Foundation and Queen’s University Oxford will attempt to clear around 50 tonnes of plastic from the key nesting sites in a month-long expedition.

Sky News will film the operation for its ground-breaking Deep Ocean Live programmes to be broadcast in March.

Bottles and flip-flops are among the items to have washed ashore
Image: Bottles and flip-flops are among the items to have washed ashore

April Burt, a PhD student at Queen’s College, is helping to coordinate the clean-up.

More from Deep Ocean Live

She told Sky News: “It makes it harder for the turtles.

“It can deter them from coming on the beaches which they have been coming all their lives. They then expend more energy when they are trying to flick out big bits of trash from where they want to nest.

“And then when the hatchlings come out they are having to get through all this trash before they even get to the sea.”

A flip-flop was found in the dung of this tortoise
Image: A flip-flop was found in the dung of this tortoise

Rough calculations suggest there could be 1,000 tonnes of plastic across Aldabra.

Analysis shows a high proportion by weight is fishing gear, likely from industrial tuna fishing in the Indian Ocean.

But there is also a huge amount of consumer plastic, mostly flip-flops, cigarette lighters and bottles.

The island’s 150,000 giant tortoises are eating the debris. Scientists even found half a flip-flop in a pile of dung.

The ambitious clean-up operation will be broadcast on Sky News
Image: The ambitious clean-up operation will be broadcast on Sky News

Jeremy Raguain, a project officer with the Seychelles Islands Foundation, said: “It’s cataclysmically ironic that a place that is so far and so protected still gets affected by this kind of stuff.

“It’s everyday items that we have all used and you can look at the items and ask, ‘how does it end up here, why here?'”

The Oxford team has begun preliminary analysis of ocean currents to try to identify possible sources for the plastic.

Turtles and tortoises all over the island are being affected by the pollution
Image: Turtles and tortoises all over the island are being affected by the pollution

Helen Johnson, an oceanographer at Oxford University, said the models have so far gone two years.

“The work we have done so far suggest the plastic is coming from the east coast of Africa,” she said.

“It is being swept off shore, out into the Indian Ocean then south before heading west towards Aldabra.”

A secondary source appears to be India and Sri Lanka, 2,700 miles away.

As the scientists finesse the models and run them back for longer periods, it’s possible that they could identify plastic being swept across the width of the Indian Ocean from Indonesia, one of the biggest sources of ocean plastic pollution.

Deep Ocean Live will take place in March
Image: Deep Ocean Live will take place in March

:: Sky News will broadcast live from 300 metres down in the Indian Ocean next month. The series – called Deep Ocean Live – will examine the impact of plastic pollution, and includes the first ever live programme from submersibles in the twilight zone.

:: Sky’s Ocean Rescue campaign encourages people to reduce their single-use plastics. You can find out more about the campaign and how to get involved at www.skyoceanrescue.com